This report provides a detailed examination of the economic impacts of changes in electric power generation in Appalachia between 2005 and 2015. It finds that while coal represented around 74 percent of total electric generation in Appalachia in 2005, that percentage dropped to 53 percent in 2015. However, despite this decline, Appalachia remains more dependent on coal for electricity generation when compared with the rest of the country. This report also offers a risk factor analysis for coal-fired generation retirements and repowerings, and notes that coal prices have little influence on coal-fired power plant retirement decisions.
Bowen, E., Christiadi, Davis, R.J., Deskins, J., & Simms, C. (2018). The Economic Impacts and Risks Associated with Electric Power Generation in Appalachia. https://www.arc.gov/wp-content/uploads/ 2018/01/CIE4-ImpactsandRisksElectricPowerGeneration-2.pdf