MiR-34a regulates blood-brain barrier permeability and mitochondrial function by targeting cytochrome c
The blood–brain barrier is composed of cerebrovascular endothelial cells and tight junctions, and maintaining its integrity is crucial for the homeostasis of the neuronal environment. Recently, we discovered that mitochondria play a critical role in maintaining blood–brain barrier integrity. We report for the first time a novel mechanism underlying blood–brain barrier integrity: miR-34a mediated regulation of blood–brain barrier through a mitochondrial mechanism. Bioinformatics analysis suggests miR-34a targets several mitochondria-associated gene candidates. We demonstrated that miR-34a triggers the breakdown of blood–brain barrier in cerebrovascular endothelial cell monolayer in vitro, paralleled by reduction of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and adenosine triphosphate production, and decreased cytochrome c levels.
Digital Commons Citation
Bukeirat, M; Sarkar, S N.; Hu, H; and Quintana, D D., "MiR-34a regulates blood-brain barrier permeability and mitochondrial function by targeting cytochrome c" (2016). Clinical and Translational Science Institute. 333.