Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Committee Chair

Christopher M. Atkinson.


The purpose of this study was the detailed examination of a Planetary Combination Hybrid Electric Vehicle design (PC-Hybrid). The PC-Hybrid unites all the advantages of the existing hybrid electric vehicle powertrain concepts, such as series, parallel and combination, while eliminating the disadvantages of each.;The PC-Hybrid powertrain is built up of an internal combustion engine, and two electric motor/alternators connected together via a planetary gear set. Several different powertrain configuration layouts were investigated as possible setups of the PC-Hybrid and the two most promising ones were chosen for further investigation and simulation. A control strategy has been developed for the optimal operation PC-Hybrid configurations. A computer program was written to simulate the fuel economy of the PC-Hybrid.;A Hybrid Vehicle Simulator, HVSim (developed at WVU), was used as the basis of the computer simulation and was used to compare the fuel consumption of the PC-Hybrid design to a baseline conventional vehicle setup as well as to the currently existing hybrid electric vehicle configurations. The program uses a backward-looking simulation model that calculates the speed and torque required of the engine, the motor and the alternator for a given driving cycle. Once the engine, motor and alternator speed and torque are calculated, HVSim uses efficiency maps of the engine and motor to define their efficiency. Using the instantaneous efficiency HVSim defines the power loss in each component and calculates the fuel consumption of the simulated vehicle.;The simulation results show that the fuel economy of the PC-Hybrid is better than that of a comparable Series HEV on the FTP City cycle and better than that of a comparable Parallel HEV on the Highway FET cycle while maintaining similar performance to the stock conventional vehicle. In addition the exhaust gas emissions may be reduced, compared to conventional vehicle or a parallel HEV, due to the reduced requirement for transient engine operation.