Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
In restructured electric power systems, a number of generation companies and independent power producers compete in the energy market to make a profit. Furthermore, a new marketplace for ancillary services is established, providing an additional profit opportunity for those power suppliers. These services are essential since they help support the transmission of power from energy sources to loads, and maintain reliable operation of the overall system. This dissertation addresses regulation , a major ancillary service also known as the load frequency control (LFC) problem, and presents novel control designs and strategies for the LFC in restructured power systems.;A power system is an interconnection of control areas, which are operated according to control performance standards established by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC). LFC is a necessary mechanism in each control area because it maintains a balance between power demand and power generation while assuring compliance with NERC standards.;This dissertation first develops three new control designs that yield effective and robust load frequency control actions. All controllers developed here require only local measurements. The first control design is based on decoupling each area thru modeling of the interconnection effects of other control areas. The second control design relies on the robust H infinity theory in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). The third control design is achieved by the collaboration between genetic algorithms (GAs) and LMIs. The first two control designs result in high-order dynamic controllers. The third design requires only a simple proportional-integral (PI) controller while yielding control performance as good as those resulting from the previous two designs. Consequently, the third control design is the most preferable due to its simplicity and suitability for industry practice. Furthermore, a stability analysis method based on perturbation theory of eigenvalues is developed to assess the stability of the entire power system being equipped by the proposed controllers.;Second, to comply with NERC standards, two LFC strategies are developed to direct LFC's actions. One strategy employs fuzzy logic to mimic a skillful operator's actions so that all decisions are made efficiently. The other strategy treats the compliance with NERC standards as constraints while minimizing the operational and maintenance costs associated with LFC actions. Three new indices are introduced to assess economic benefits from the strategy compared to the conventional methods. Simulation is performed to demonstrate performances of all proposed methods and strategies.
Rerkpreedapong, Dulpichet, "Novel control design and strategy for load frequency control in restructured power systems" (2003). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 1948.