Date of Graduation
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Human Nutrition and Foods
Iron deficiency has been shown to have a multitude of negative effects on the growing infant. The diet plays a key role in alleviating iron deficiency within a younger population. The objective of this study was to search out specific nutrients in the diet that have some affect on iron status in a population of infants age 6 to 24 months.;This was a cross-sectional study that included 57 rural infants who participated in the WIC program. Dietary intake data was collected by 2 multiple-pass 24-hour intakes done 3 to 4 days apart. Blood was collected by venipuncture and analyzed for hemoglobin, ferritin, and transferrin saturation. Multiple logistic regression, Pearson's Correlation, and independent sample t-tests was used to evaluate iron status and dietary variables.;Twelve children were categorized as iron deficient as defined by serum ferritin ≤ 15 ug/L and transferring saturation ≤ 15%. Average iron intake for the group met recommendations. On regression analysis, calcium and phosphorous were shown to be the main determining factors affecting iron status, and this was a negative association (calcium, P < .03: phosphorous, P < .01). (Abstract shortened by UMI.).
Melonas, Christopher, "Factors affecting iron status among infants age 6--24 months" (2004). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 1981.