Date of Graduation
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Human Nutrition and Foods
Consuming the proper amounts of nutrients is important in each stage of life. Infants and toddlers especially need to consume the right amounts of nutrients for optimal growth and development. This study examined the nutrient intake and dietary variety of infants and toddlers ages 6--28 months enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. The data were collected from 87 participants in ten rural West Virginia counties. The two age groups analyzed were 6--11.9 months and 12--28 months.;Two multi-pass 24-hour dietary recalls were obtained from caregivers of the child. These recalls were compared to the current Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), to determine what nutrients were low for the two age groups. Analyses included descriptive statistics, Chi Square, Fisher's exact test, correlations, and Z-scores were determined through statistical analysis.;Children were not meeting needs for vitamin D, manganese, vitamin E, selenium, and pantothenic acid. The DRI for manganese and vitamin D were not being meet in either age group. Eighty-seven percent and 74.5% of children were not meeting manganese needs for groups 1 and 2 respectively. A relationship between dietary variety and selenium, vitamin B-6, magnesium, and riboflavin adequacy was found (P < 0.05).
Turner, Kara L., "Nutrient intake of WIC participants ages 6--28 months compared to dietary reference intakes" (2004). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 2000.