Date of Graduation
Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Julie Hicks Patrick.
The associations of religiousness and spirituality in decision-making processes and outcomes were investigated. One hundred younger adults ( M age = 19.9, SD = 1.5) and seventy-eight older adults (M age = 71.1, SD = 7.9) completed self-administered surveys including vignettes varying in emotional salience. Responses were coded for problem-solving strategies and decisional outcomes. ANCOVA results indicate that the choice of strategies varies depending on the age and level of spirituality of the individual as well as the domain of the problem. Results from a multinomial logistic regression indicate that end-of-life decisions vary as a function of both age and religiousness [ X2(4, N = 163) = 9.34, p = .05 and chi2(4, N = 163) = 11.33, p < .05 respectively). However, the effects of religiousness and spirituality are not pervasive across the three decisional domains. Results are discussed in terms of the importance of linking problem-solving strategies and decision-making outcomes.
Sonntag, Loriann, "Religiousness, spirituality, and emotional salience in decision-making processes and outcomes" (2006). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 2370.