Title

The relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and beverage consumption among 5th grade students in West Virginia

Semester

Spring

Date of Graduation

2006

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Type

MS

College

Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design

Department

Human Nutrition and Foods

Committee Chair

Cindy Fitch.

Abstract

A large portion of the childhood population in the US is overweight, and beverage consumption may be a contributing factor. A total of 125 students participated in both Healthy Hearts and CARDIAC over two school years. Beverage consumption data from Healthy Hearts and cardiovascular risk factors data (BMI, total cholesterol, HDL, triglycerides, and acanthosis nigricans) from CARDIAC were analyzed. One percent milk was consumed the least and 100% fruit juice was consumed the most. When separated into BMI categories, 69 students were at a healthy weight (BMI85th percentile). Soft drink consumption was significantly different (p=0.02) between the two groups, with the overweight group consuming twice the amount than that of the healthy weight group. Students that showed signs of acanthosis nigricans were more likely to consume milk (p=0.001) or soft drinks (p=0.04). This study revealed important relationships between beverage consumption and cardiovascular risks for children.

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