Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering
Shahab D. Mohaghegh.
Effective history matching of a simulation model with real data from the field requires the resolution of three outstanding issues. First, a conflict may exist between the production data and the existing geological model built from static information. Second, during model updates, geological consistency must be maintained by honoring the prior geologic information. Third, uncertainties related to mechanical and operational issues must be taken into account.;The objective of this study is to build a realistic simulation model able to predict future behavior of a complex CBM reservoir for a CO2 sequestration pilot project in Marshall County, WV by using a systematic approach for history matching. Our study is limited to building a history matched model for the Methane production.;As a general overview, the field project covered in our work includes two known coal seams, Pittsburgh coal (upper layer) and Upper Freeport coal (lower layer). Production is from six horizontal wells, two of them completed in Pittsburgh coal and the other four completed in Upper Freeport coal. This project is part of the national plan of CO2 sequestration with the goals of improving the quality of the environment and increasing methane production from coal.;In order to accomplish the objective of this study, a systematic history matching approach was devised. In this approach, data from the field are gathered and analyzed in order to be used as input in a commercial reservoir simulator software. Then, effective strategies and key reservoir parameters are defined to realistically history match the field production. The resulted approach propose a new systematic methodology for performing history matching complex reservoirs. This approach accounts for production data inconsistency related to reservoir characteristics heterogeneity, mechanical, and operational issues within different scenarios.;The systematic approach included a detail analysis of the field production data in order to learn as much about the reservoir behavior as possible. The analysis included a normalized production comparison done based on the amount of gas produced in a per-foot of the well, in a per-foot of thickness around the well, and based on the average gas content. This information will be used extensively in the history matching process, which included sensitivity analysis of conventional parameters (permeability, porosity, relative permeability, and water-gas contact), unconventional parameters (Gas content, desorption time, and Langmuir parameters), and finally wellbore parameters (skin factor, bottom-hole pressure, and well length). Using the results of the sensitivity analysis above, an analysis table is formed to be used as a guide toward the final history matched model.
Silva Molero, Cesar A., "A systematic approach to history matching CBM production on a complex reservoir for a pilot test in Marshall County, WV, US" (2008). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 3279.