Date of Graduation
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Agricultural and Resource Economics
This dissertation examines the effects of federal government activities on local economies. Three research questions are addressed: How do federal environmental regulations influence local economic growth?, What regional factors influence the spatial distribution of federal conservation programs?, and How does location-based federal funding effect economic resilience within the targeted region? Regional economic analysis, spatial analysis, and spatial econometric techniques are implemented to answer these questions.
The first essay examines the effects of the air pollution standards on county level economic growth. The results illustrate, in the long run, the impacted regions have adapted to the changes in the pollution standards. To meet these abatement standards, regions are becoming less dependent upon the manufacturing industry and other polluting industries, and diversifying their industry portfolio.
The second essay identifies regional determinants of participation in federal conservation programs in West Virginia. These results indicate that Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) is strategically targeting areas to promote efficient farm management techniques and to protect stream water quality. Access to information and nearby resources, such as an NRCS field office, also has a significant effect on conservation practice adoption.
The third essay evaluates the significance of Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) project investments on local economic resilience. Our analysis also evaluates characteristics to identify local or regional policy strategies to further promote resilience throughout the Appalachian region. ARC project investments are positively related to economic resilience and are most beneficial as a regional cooperative policy strategy approach.
Firth, Brianne Renee, "Regulatory and Financial Influence of Federal Government Activities on Local Economies: A Three Essay Approach" (2018). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 3705.