Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences



Committee Chair

Christina Duncan

Committee Co-Chair

Claire St. Peter

Committee Member

Claire St. Peter

Committee Member

Shari Steinman


The majority of adolescents with type 1 diabetes do not maintain a glycemic control within the recommended range. Poor diabetes control can yield both short term and long term acute health complications, making it critical for adolescents to achieve diabetes control. During this same time in development, adolescents are preparing for the transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care. Adolescents often transition to adult care based on their age rather than their transition readiness, which may result in a lack of support from their pediatric provider, potentially exacerbating their already poor glycemic control. Transitioning from pediatric care to adult care among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) often occurs spontaneously and with little guidance from pediatric providers. This abruptness in uncoordinated transition leads to decreased illness adherence. Research in the field of transition has identified that adolescents receive little information regarding the transition process including how to find an adult care provider, differences in adult care, and how to discuss their diabetes independently without a parent present. Adolescents who report poor transition readiness experienced gaps in care of 6 months or greater post-transition. Transition readiness can mitigate the negative effects that this transitional period often has. One potential method of increasing an adolescents’ readiness to transition into adult care is through information disseminated by their pediatric provider. The current project assessed the relation between provider-patient communication and transition readiness in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. A total of 60 adolescents (ages 13 to 17) and their caregiver were recruited from West Virginia University Health Sciences Center. Participants were identified using the medical record database and eligible participants were approached and invited to participate at a regularly scheduled pediatric endocrinology clinic visit. Upon assent and consent, respectively, adolescents and their caregiver completed questionnaire measures using electronic tablets and all data were securely stored using REDCap software system. The aims of this study were to identify (1) whether adolescent better perceived provider-patient communication was associated significantly with greater transition readiness; and (2) if glycemic control acts as a moderator or mediator on this relation. Results from this study suggest that provider patient communication, as measured, is not a significant predictor of transition readiness, nor is glycemic control. Future studies should consider using alternative methods for measuring provider-patient communication, broadening sample characteristics for both providers and patients, and expanding investigation to include other factors that could potentially influence transition readiness.