Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering

Committee Chair

James Mooney

Committee Co-Chair

Hong-Jian Lai

Committee Member

K. Subramani.


This thesis is concerned with the design and analysis of time-optimal and spaceoptimal, certifying algorithms for checking the linear and lattice point feasibility of a class of constraints called Unit Two Variable Per Inequality (UTVPI) constraints. In a UTVPI constraint, there are at most two non-zero variables per constraint, and the coefficients of the non-zero variables belong to the set {lcub}+1, --1{rcub}. These constraints occur in a number of application domains, including but not limited to program verification, abstract interpretation, and operations research. As per the literature, the fastest known certifying algorithm for checking lattice point feasibility in UTVPI constraint systems ([1]), runs in O( m n + n2 log n) time and O(n2) space, where m represents the number of constraints and n represents the number of variables in the constraint system. In this paper, we design and analyze new algorithms for checking the linear feasibility and the lattice point feasibility of UTVPI constraints. Both of the presented algorithms run in O( m[.]n) time and O(m + n) space. Additionally they are certifying in that they produce satisfying assignments in the event that they are presented with feasible instances and refutations in the event that they are presented with infeasible instances. The importance of providing certificates cannot be overemphasized, especially in mission-critical applications. Our approaches for both the linear and the lattice point feasibility problems in UTVPI constraints are fundamentally different from existing approaches for these problems (as described in the literature), in that our approaches are based on new insights on using well-known inference rules.