Semester

Fall

Date of Graduation

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Type

MS

College

Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Committtee Chair

Eric K. Johnson

Committee Co-Chair

Bruce S. Kang

Committee Member

Lawrence Shadle

Abstract

An increased knowledge in the solids flow in multiphase flow systems can be applied in the design of industrial systems used for power generation, gasification, pneumatic transport of material, drying, and various other tasks. An instrument was constructed for the activation, injection, and measurement of phosphorescent tracer particles in a fluidized bed riser to determine the Residence Time Distribution (RTD) of solids flow within a fluidized bed riser. The instrument was implemented in a dual-stage transparent scale model fluidized bed riser. Testing of the instrument system validated the functionality of the instrument. It was proven to be capable of determining both localized and total Residence Time Distribution in a fluidized bed riser operated in the pneumatic transport flow regime with relatively short RTD. The determination of localized RTD was also achieved in the fluidized bed riser operated in the core-annular flow regime.

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