Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
Donald A Adjeroh
Automatic detection of drug-drug interaction (DDI) is a difficult problem in pharmaco-surveillance. Recent practice for in vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction studies have been based on carefully selected drug characteristics such as their pharmacological effects, and on drug-target networks, in order to identify and comprehend anomalies in a drug's biochemical function upon co-administration.;In this work, we present a novel DDI prediction framework that combines several drug-attribute similarity measures to construct a feature space from which we train three machine learning algorithms: Support Vector Machine (SVM), J48 Decision Tree and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) using a partially supervised classification algorithm called Positive Unlabeled Learning (PU-Learning) tailored specifically to suit our framework.;In summary, we extracted 1,300 U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmaceutical drugs and paired them to create 1,688,700 feature vectors. Out of 397 drug-pairs known to interact prior to our experiments, our system was able to correctly identify 80% of them and from the remaining 1,688,303 pairs for which no interaction had been determined, we were able to predict 181 potential DDIs with confidence levels greater than 97%. The latter is a set of DDIs unrecognized by our source of ground truth at the time of study.;Evaluation of the effectiveness of our system involved querying the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Effect Reporting System (AERS) database for cases involving drug-pairs used in this study. The results returned from the query listed incidents reported for a number of patients, some of whom had experienced severe adverse reactions leading to outcomes such as prolonged hospitalization, diminished medicinal effect of one or more drugs, and in some cases, death.
Mensah, William Wireko, "Drug-drug interactions: A machine learning approach" (2011). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 4753.