#### Date of Graduation

2017

#### Document Type

Dissertation

#### Degree Type

PhD

#### College

Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

#### Department

Mathematics

#### Committee Chair

Cun-Quan Zhang

#### Committee Co-Chair

Rong Luo

#### Committee Member

John L Goldwasser

#### Committee Member

Hong-Jian Lai

#### Committee Member

Rong Luo

#### Committee Member

James J Nolan

#### Committee Member

Jerzy Wojciechowski

#### Abstract

The work in Chapter 2 is motivated by Tutte and Jaeger's pioneering work on converting modulo flows into integer-valued flows for ordinary graphs. For a signed graphs (G, sigma), we first prove that for each k ∈ {lcub}2, 3{rcub}, if (G, sigma) is (k -- 1)-edge-connected and contains an even number of negative edges when k = 2, then every modulo k-flow of (G, sigma) can be converted into an integer-valued ( k + 1)-ow with a larger or the same support. We also prove that if (G, sigma) is odd-(2p+1)-edge-connected, then (G, sigma) admits a modulo circular (2 + 1/ p)-flows if and only if it admits an integer-valued circular (2 + 1/p)-flows, which improves all previous result by Xu and Zhang (DM2005), Schubert and Steffen (EJC2015), and Zhu (JCTB2015).;Shortest circuit cover conjecture is one of the major open problems in graph theory. It states that every bridgeless graph G contains a set of circuits F such that each edge is contained in at least one member of F and the length of F is at most 7/5∥E(G)∥. This concept was recently generalized to signed graphs by Macajova et al. (JGT2015). In Chapter 3, we improve their upper bound from 11∥E( G)∥ to 14/3 ∥E(G)∥, and if G is 2-edgeconnected and has even negativeness, then it can be further reduced to 11/3 ∥E(G)∥.;Tutte's 3-flow conjecture has been studied by many graph theorists in the last several decades. As a new approach to this conjecture, DeVos and Thomassen considered the vectors as ow values and found that there is a close relation between vector S1-flows and integer 3-NZFs. Motivated by their observation, in Chapter 4, we prove that if a graph G admits a vector S1-flow with rank at most two, then G admits an integer 3-NZF.;The concept of even factors is highly related to the famous Four Color Theorem. We conclude this dissertation in Chapter 5 with an improvement of a recent result by Chen and Fan (JCTB2016) on the upperbound of even factors. We show that if a graph G contains an even factor, then it contains an even factor H with.;∥E(H)∥ ≥ 4/7 (∥ E(G)∥+1)+ 1/7 ∥V2 (G)∥, where V2( G) is the set of vertices of degree two.

#### Recommended Citation

Cheng, Jian, "Integer Flows and Circuit Covers of Graphs and Signed Graphs" (2017). *Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports*. 5354.

https://researchrepository.wvu.edu/etd/5354