Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Chemical and Biomedical Engineering

Committee Chair

Xin Li

Committee Co-Chair

Mark Tseytlin

Committee Member

Matthew C Valenti


Specular reflection exists when one tries to record a photo or video through a transparent glass medium or opaque surfaces such as plastics, ceramics, polyester and human skin, which can be well described as the superposition of a transmitted layer and a reflection layer. These specular reflections often confound the algorithms developed for image analysis, computer vision and pattern recognition. To obtain a pure diffuse reflection component, specularity (highlights) needs to be removed. To handle this problem, a novel and robust algorithm is formulated. The contributions of this work are three-fold.;First, the smoothness of the video along with the temporal coherence and illumination changes are preserved by reducing the flickering and jagged edges caused by hand-held video acquisition and homography transformation respectively.;Second, this algorithm is designed to improve upon the state-of-art algorithms by automatically selecting the region of interest (ROI) for all the frames, reducing the computational time and complexity by utilizing the luminance (Y) channel and exploiting the Augmented Lagrange Multiplier (ALM) with Alternating Direction Minimizing (ADM) to facilitate the derivation of solution algorithms.;Third, a quantity metrics is devised, which objectively quantifies the amount of specularity in each frame of a hand-held video. The proposed specularity removal algorithm is compared against existing state-of-art algorithms using the newly-developed quantity metrics. Experimental results validate that the developed algorithm has superior performance in terms of computation time, quality and accuracy.