Sahar Hemmati

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Industrial and Managements Systems Engineering

Committee Chair

Feng Yang

Committee Co-Chair

Xi Chen

Committee Member

Majid Jaridi

Committee Member

Feng Yang


In deterministic computer experiments, a computer code can often be run at different levels of complexity/fidelity and a hierarchy of levels of code can be obtained. The higher the fidelity and hence the computational cost, the more accurate output data can be obtained. Methods based on the co-kriging methodology Cressie (2015) for predicting the output of a high-fidelity computer code by combining data generated to varying levels of fidelity have become popular over the last two decades. For instance, Kennedy and O'Hagan (2000) first propose to build a metamodel for multi-level computer codes by using an auto-regressive model structure. Forrester et al. (2007) provide details on estimation of the model parameters and further investigate the use of co-kriging for multi-fidelity optimization based on the efficient global optimization algorithm Jones et al. (1998). Qian and Wu (2008) propose a Bayesian hierarchical modeling approach for combining low-accuracy and high-accuracy experiments. More recently, Gratiet and Cannamela (2015) propose sequential design strategies using fast cross-validation techniques for multi-fidelity computer codes.;This research intends to extend the co-kriging metamodeling methodology to study steady-state simulation experiments. First, the mathematical structure of co-kriging is extended to take into account heterogeneous simulation output variances. Next, efficient steady-state simulation experimental designs are investigated for co-kriging to achieve a high prediction accuracy for estimation of steady-state parameters. Specifically, designs consisting of replicated longer simulation runs at a few design points and replicated shorter simulation runs at a larger set of design points will be considered. Also, design with no replicated simulation runs at long simulation is studied, along with different methods for calculating the output variance in absence of replicated outputs.;Stochastic co-kriging (SCK) method is applied to an M/M/1, as well as an M/M/5 queueing system. In both examples, the prediction performance of the SCK model is promising. It is also shown that the SCK method provides better response surfaces compared to the SK method.