Talha Iqbal

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering

Committee Chair

Ali Feliachi

Committee Co-Chair

Muhammad Choudhry

Committee Member

Ali Feliachi

Committee Member

Natalia Schmid


Voltage and Frequency control are the two fundamental control problems in power systems. Unlike frequency control, voltage control is complicated by the fact that reactive power can't travel far distances from its source of generation. Due to this distributed nature of reactive power, voltage control is usually performed in decentralized manner. Typically, voltage control problem is divided into a three-level hierarchical structure namely primary, secondary and tertiary voltage control.;The aim of this thesis is to present an optimal secondary voltage control by decomposing a large power system into small subsystems called voltage control areas (VCAs) using the fast community detection algorithm. Each VCA is self-sufficient in satisfying its reactive power demand. A load bus, called pilot point/bus, is selected in each VCA as a representative of the voltage profile of the whole area. Singular value decomposition of Fast Decoupled Load Flow (FDLF) Jacobian is used to optimally control the voltages of these pilot buses.;The presented approach is tested on two standard IEEE test power systems i.e. 9-Bus and 39-Bus systems. The computational time comparison of the fast community detection algorithm with another algorithm called original-GN algorithm is also presented. Through simulation results, it is shown that the presented optimal voltage control (Opt-VC) is a better approach compared to sensitivity based voltage control (Sen-VC).