Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences



Committee Chair

Robert Blobaum

Committee Co-Chair

Joe Hagan

Committee Member

Joseph Hodge


This thesis examines how memory can affect international relations and vice versa. In order to examine how memory can affect international relations the relationship between Poland and the Russian Federation since 1989 is analyzed as well as how their pasts and the period of Soviet dominance affects this relationship. This thesis focuses on two specific modes of memory: the Katy? Forest Massacre and Soviet monuments and memorials in Poland, specifically the Polish-Russian Brothers in Arms monument. Looking at these modes of memory and specific cases through a constructivist perspective will exemplify how memory plays a role in international relations. At the same time, this thesis examines how more recent developments in the Polish-Russian relationship, including their conflicting positions over Ukraine, have shaped historical memory. In its emphasis on the role of memory in the Polish-Russian bilateral relationship, this thesis thus contributes to both international relations and history.