Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
Muhammad A Choudhry
Yaser P Fallah
Modeling, Simulation and Decentralized Control of Islanded Microgrids by Farideh Doost Mohammadi This thesis develops a comprehensive modular state-space model of microgrids containing inverter-based Distributed Energy Resources (DERs). The model is validated and then used for small signal stability enhancement and voltage and frequency control. State space models of various microgrid elements are first derived, which allow for the inclusion of any possible elements such as current controlled inverters that are missing in the literature. Then a complete state space model is obtained to complement the models that are available in the literature and whose objectives are system analysis only as compared to the purpose of this work which is stability enhancement and control design. Specifically,;1. Small signal stability is enhanced by adding current controlled inverters to the microgrid. 2. Decentralized secondary frequency and voltage control techniques are proposed.;For secondary frequency control purposes, at first, the control strategies of different kinds of inverters and storage devices are described. Then, a novel solution is introduced for islanded microgrids by decomposing the system into virtual control areas.;For the secondary voltage control an Average Consensus Algorithm (ACA) is used and applied on a network of agents which has been chosen optimally based on the required connectivity. The main purpose of the ACA is to keep the average voltage of all the buses at a desired level during islanding. Then another control strategy is proposed to improve the voltage profile. While the average voltage is kept fixed by the voltage controlled inverters, this voltage profile smoothness is obtained by dedicating zones to current controlled inverters and defining their responsibilities based on the location of the loads.
Mohammadi, Farideh Doost, "Modeling, Simulation and Decentralized Control of Islanded Microgrids" (2017). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 7113.