Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
Lawrence A. Hornak
The two major global problems are to provide health safety and to meet energy demands for ever growing population on a large scale. The study of light interaction with nanostructures has shown a promising solution in improving the fields of bio-sensor and solar energy devices which addresses above mentioned two major global problems. Nanostructures have tunable physicochemical properties such as light absorption, electrical and thermal properties unlike bulk materials, which gives an advantage in applications like bio-sensing and energy harvesting devices. The development of nanofabrication techniques along with the discovery of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) and Plasmon Enhanced Fluorescence (PEF), led to the development of Point of Care (POC) sensing devices. The fundamental understanding of light path in a nanostructured material led to the improvement in solar energy harvesting performance. For both of these applications, engineering nanostructures is the key to improving performance.
In this work, different plasmonic nanostructures were designed, fabricated and analyzed for biosensor and light management applications. A new fabrication route, which combines nanosphere lithography with silicon-based clean-room microfabrication processes, has been developed to produce large-area long-range ordered gold nanoring array patterns in a controllable fashion. The developed nanoring structure has SERS enhancement of 2*109 and is used for miRNA detection. A novel pyramid array on gold film 3D plasmonic nanostructure is designed to convert plasmonic light scattering to confined light absorption. This structure generates a cavity mode by hybridization of fundamental modes, which creates a strong electric and magnetic field with a large mode volume. Due to its unique properties pyramids coupled film structure is used for both solar light management device and in Metal Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF). The fabricated structure is used to demonstrate plexiton (plasmon – exciton coupling) generation and is very effective in light trapping in the gap mode. In MEF, the sandwich nanostructure is used for Metal Organic Framework (MOF) fluorescence enhancement and the enhancement factor is around 5*102.
With the plasmonic metal nanostructure optimization, the performance of a specific application is improved. However, the metals used for plasmonic applications are noble metals like gold and silver to support strong localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which are expensive. Two-dimensional semiconductor materials have shown plasmon resonance in the visible region, having a lot of applications in sensing and photonics. Heavily doped semiconductors could replace expensive metals without compromising the performance. LSPR in metals is tuned by shape, size and refractive index of surroundings. This restricts plasmon resonance tuning over a narrow wavelength range and need to choose a different metal to exceed the rage of application. In contrast, LSPR in plasmonic semiconductors can be tuned with parameters like carrier density, annealing temperature and doping. This gives an advantage of tuning the plasmon peak over a broad range including visible, Near Infrared (NIR) and Infrared(IR) regions. This is because, for semiconductor materials, the carrier concentration can be varied over a large range. Herein, the molybdenum oxide thin films were directly deposited and nitrogen annealed which showed a tunable localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). A chip based 2D semiconductor material is fabricated to study the structural and size dependent plasmon resonance. This work establishes a way to fabricate chip based ordered semiconductor nanostructures, which helps in a systematic study of plasmon properties on nanostructures.
kasani, sujan phani kumar, "Engineering Plasmonic Nanostructures for Light Management and Sensing" (2019). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 7481.
Biomedical Commons, Electromagnetics and Photonics Commons, Electronic Devices and Semiconductor Manufacturing Commons, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons, Semiconductor and Optical Materials Commons