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Within American vocal art music of the twentieth century, there has been an infusion of non-traditional musical traits. Some of these characteristics and idioms find their roots in American popular music and jazz. Although this phenomenon has been met with a certain amount of opposition, its presence is undeniable. The success and acceptance of this blending of styles owes much to the work of Leonard Bernstein. This paper examines a selection of Leonard Bernstein's vocal songs that in some way demonstrate this blending of styles, and notes influence of his opinions via mass media exposure. Bernstein's compositions and opinions have contributed to a greater acceptance of popular and jazz musical elements within the American art song repertoire of today.