Date of Graduation
A method has been developed to analyze the flow and predict the lifting characteristics of vertical axis wind turbines. Blades are modelled by a number of discrete bound vortices located on the airfoil mean camber line; the wake is modelled by a number of discrete vortices shed from the blade trailing edge. Application of the flow tangency boundary condition and the Kutta condition permit a numerical solution for the strengths of the bound vortices. Blade forces are then determined from potential theory. This vortex model faithfully reflects the important phenomena of flow unsteadiness and wake/blade interaction. Wake details and energy extraction efficiency are analyzed for single and multi-bladed turbines. A comparison of experimental data to analytical predictions shows elose agreement for the maximum power coefficient and the tip speed ratio at which it occurs. A numerical procedure for estimating the theoretical maximum attainable power coefficient suggests that vertical axis turbines may exceed the Betz limit for horizontal axis machines.
MIGLIORE, PAUL GERALD, "A FREE-VORTEX MODEL WITH NUMERICAL SOLUTION FOR THE UNSTEADY LIFTING CHARACTERISTICS OF STRAIGHT BLADED DARRIEUS WIND TURBINES." (1979). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 9419.