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This investigation was designed to stucfy the ecology, taxonomy, and phyto geographic relations of the plant life along New River in West Vrrgxnxa. Plants were collected at selected stations along the river in West Virginia and at Glen Lyn, Virginia.. The collections were made seasonally (early spring, late spring, summer, and fall) for a period of three years. In general, the nomenclature follows that of "Gray's Manual of Botany," "Flora of West Virginia," and "Shrubs of West Virginia." The range of some species has been extended and. a few plants were discovered in West Virginia for the first time. There is evidence that the river and its tributaries have been instrumental in the migration of plants. Most of the plants found on New River are found in similar habitats throughout the state. This seems to indicate that they have been in this region for a very long period. Those found only along the New-Kanawha River system have apparently migrated down the main stream of New River from North Carolina or Virginia in more recent times. An example of this might very well be Halesia Carolina, commonly called the silverbell-tree. The silverbell-tree is found in rich woods and banks of streams throughout the southern United States.