We present results from eight months of Green Bank Telescope 8.7 GHz observations and nearly 18 months of Swift X-ray telescope observations of the radio magnetar SGR J1745–2900. We tracked the radio and X-ray flux density, polarization properties, profile evolution, rotation, and single-pulse behavior. We identified two main periods of activity. The first is characterized by approximately 5.5 months of relatively stable evolution in radio flux density, rotation, and profile shape, while in the second these properties varied substantially. Specifically, a third profile component emerged and the radio flux also became more variable. The single pulse properties also changed, most notably with a larger fraction of pulses with pulse widths ~5–20 ms in the erratic state. Bright single pulses are well described by a log-normal energy distribution at low energies, but with an excess at high energies. The 2–10 keV flux decayed steadily since the initial X-ray outburst, while the radio flux remained stable to within ~20% during the stable state. A joint pulsar timing analysis of the radio and X-ray data shows a level of timing noise unprecedented in a radio magnetar, though during the time covered by the radio data alone the timing noise was at a level similar to that observed in other radio magnetars. While SGR J1745–2900 is similar to other radio magnetars in many regards, it differs by having experienced a period of relative stability in the radio that now appears to have ended, while the X-ray properties evolved independently.
Digital Commons Citation
Lynch, Ryan S.; Archibald, Robert F.; Kaspi, Victoria M.; and Scholz, Paul, "Green Bank Telescope And Swift X-Ray Telescope Observations Of The Galactic Center Radio Magnetar Sgr J1745–2900" (2015). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 12.
Lynch, Ryan S., Archibald, Robert F., Kaspi, Victoria M., & Scholz, Paul. (2015). Green Bank Telescope And Swift X-Ray Telescope Observations Of The Galactic Center Radio Magnetar Sgr J1745–2900. The Astrophysical Journal, 806(2), 266. http://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/806/2/266