Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Background: The clinical decision support system can effectively break the limitations of doctors’ knowledge and reduce the possibility of misdiagnosis to enhance health care. The traditional genetic data storage and analysis methods based on stand-alone environment are hard to meet the computational requirements with the rapid genetic data growth for the limited scalability.
Methods: In this paper, we propose a distributed gene clinical decision support system, which is named GCDSS. And a prototype is implemented based on cloud computing technology. At the same time, we present CloudBWA which is a novel distributed read mapping algorithm leveraging batch processing strategy to map reads on Apache Spark.
Results: Experiments show that the distributed gene clinical decision support system GCDSS and the distributed read mapping algorithm CloudBWA have outstanding performance and excellent scalability. Compared with state-of-the-art distributed algorithms, CloudBWA achieves up to 2.63 times speedup over SparkBWA. Compared with stand-alone algorithms, CloudBWA with 16 cores achieves up to 11.59 times speedup over BWA-MEM with 1 core.
Conclusions: GCDSS is a distributed gene clinical decision support system based on cloud computing techniques. In particular, we incorporated a distributed genetic data analysis pipeline framework in the proposed GCDSS system. To boost the data processing of GCDSS, we propose CloudBWA, which is a novel distributed read mapping algorithm to leverage batch processing technique in mapping stage using Apache Spark platform.
Keywords: Clinical decision support system, Cloud computing, Spark, Alluxio, Genetic data analysis, Read mapping
Digital Commons Citation
Xu, Bo; Li, Changlong; Zhuang, Hang; Wang, Jiali; Wang, Qingfeng; Wang, Chao; and Zhou, Xuehai, "Distributed gene clinical decision support system based on cloud computing" (2018). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1274.
Xu, B., Li, C., Zhuang, H., Wang, J., Wang, Q., Wang, C., & Zhou, X. (2018). Distributed gene clinical decision support system based on cloud computing. BMC Medical Genomics, 11(S5). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12920-018-0415-1