Document Type


Publication Date



School of Medicine


Cofiring characteristics of raw or torrefied bamboo and masson pine blends with different blend ratios were investigated by cone calorimetry, and its ash performance from cofiring was also determined by a YX-HRD testing instrument, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results showed that bamboo and masson pine had the different physicochemical properties. Torrefaction improved fuel performances, resulting in a more stable cofiring process. It also decreased the heat release rate, total heat release, and total suspended particulates of fuels, especially CO2 and CO release. Masson pine ash mainly included CaO, SiO2, Fe2O3, K2O, and Al2O3. Bamboo ash was mainly composed of K2O, SiO2, MgO, and SO3. There were different melting temperatures and trends between different samples. The synergistic reaction of ash components was found during the cofiring process. The surface morphology of blend ash changed with the variation of bamboo or masson pine content.

Source Citation

Xiang, H., Yang, J., Feng, Z., Hu, W., Liang, F., Ni, L., Gao, Q., & Liu, Z. (2019). Investigation of the Cofiring Process of Raw or Torrefied Bamboo and Masson Pine by Using a Cone Calorimeter. ACS Omega, 4(21), 19246–19254.


This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.