Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Muscle yield and quality traits are important for the aquaculture industry and consumers. Genetic selection for these traits is difficult because they are polygenic and result from multifactorial interactions. To study the genetic architecture of these traits, phenotypic characterization of whole body weight (WBW), muscle yield, fat content, shear force and whiteness were measured in ~500 fish representing 98 families from a growth-selected line. RNA-Seq was used to sequence the muscle transcriptome of different families exhibiting divergent phenotypes for each trait. We have identified 240 and 1,280 differentially expressed (DE) protein-coding genes and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), respectively, in fish families exhibiting contrasting phenotypes. Expression of many DE lncRNAs
(n = 229) was positively correlated with overlapping, neighboring or distantly located protein-coding genes (n = 1,030), resulting in 3,392 interactions. Three DE antisense lncRNAs were co-expressed with sense genes known to impact muscle quality traits. Forty-four DE lncRNAs had potential sponge functions to miRNAs that affect muscle quality traits. This study (1) defines muscle quality associated protein-coding and noncoding genes and (2) provides insight into non-coding RNAs involvement in regulating growth and fillet quality traits in rainbow trout.
Digital Commons Citation
Ali, Ali; Al-Tobasei, Rafet; Kenney, Brett; Leeds, Timothy D.; and Salem, Mohamed, "Integrated analysis of lncRNA and mRNA expression in rainbow trout families showing variation in muscle growth and fillet quality traits" (2018). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1399.
Ali, A., Al-Tobasei, R., Kenney, B., Leeds, T. D., & Salem, M. (2018). Integrated analysis of lncRNA and mRNA expression in rainbow trout families showing variation in muscle growth and fillet quality traits. Scientific Reports, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30655-8