Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Strawberry is a well-known source of natural antioxidants with excellent free radical scav- enging capacity. This study determined the effects of chitosan application in field condition on plant growth, fruit yield and antioxidant activities in strawberry fruit. Foliar applications of chitosan on strawberry significantly increased plant growth and fruit yield (up to 42% higher) compared to untreated control. Increased fruit yield was attributed to higher plant growth, individual fruit weight and total fruit weight/plant due to the chitosan application. Surprisingly, the fruit from plants sprayed with chitosan also had significantly higher contents (up to 2.6- fold) of carotenoids, anthocyanins, flavonoids and phenolics compared to untreated control. Total antioxidant activities in fruit of chitosan treated plants were also significantly higher (ca. 2-fold) (p< 0.05) than untreated control. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of chitosan applied on field plants providing significant improvement of both yield and health benefiting biochemical contents in strawberry fruit. Further study on the elucidation of mechanisms involved with enhancement of growth, yield and biochemical contents by chito- san is needed to promote sustainable production of strawberry.
Digital Commons Citation
Rahman, Mosaddiqur; Mukta, Julakha Akter; Sabir, Abdullah As; Gupta, Dipall Rani; Mohi-Ud-Din, Mohammed; Hasanuzzaman, Mirza; Miah, Md. Giashuddin; Rahman, Mahfuzur; and Islam, Md Tofazzai, "Chitosan biopolymer promotes yield and stimulates accumulation of antioxidants in strawberry fruit" (2018). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1460.
Citation: Rahman M, Mukta JA, Sabir AA, Gupta DR, Mohi-Ud-Din M, Hasanuzzaman M, et al. (2018) Chitosan biopolymer promotes yield and stimulates accumulation of antioxidants in strawberry fruit. PLoS ONE 13(9): e0203769. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203769