Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Experimental and theoretical studies are reported, for the first time, on the observation and characterization of echo phenomena in oscillatory chemical reactions. Populations of uncoupled and coupled oscillators are globally perturbed. The macroscopic response to this perturbation dies out with time: At some time τ after the perturbation (where τ is long enough that the response has died out), the system is again perturbed, and the initial response to this second perturbation again dies out. Echoes can potentially appear as responses that arise at 2τ,3τ,... after the first perturbation. The phase-resetting character of the chemical oscillators allows a detailed analysis, offering insights into the origin of the echo in terms of an intricate structure of phase relationships. Groups of oscillators experiencing different perturbations are analyzed with a geometric approach and in an analytical theory. The characterization of echo phenomena in populations of chemical oscillators reinforces recent theoretical studies of the behavior in populations of phase oscillators [E. Ott et al., Chaos 18, 037115 (2008)]. This indicates the generality of the behavior, including its likely occurrence in biological systems.
Digital Commons Citation
Chen, Tianran; Tinsley, Mark R.; Ott, Edward; and Showalter, Kenneth, "Echo Behavior In Large Populations Of Chemical Oscillators" (2016). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1487.
Chen, T., Tinsley, M. R., Ott, E., & Showalter, K. (2016). Echo Behavior in Large Populations of Chemical Oscillators. Physical Review X, 6(4). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevx.6.041054