School of Medicine
Racial disparities exist in the care provided to advanced cancer patients. This article describes an investigation designed to advance the science of healthcare disparities by isolating the effects of patient race and patient activation on physician behavior using novel standardized patient (SP) methodology.
The Social and Behavioral Influences (SBI) Study is a National Cancer Institute sponsored trial conducted in Western New York State, Northern/Central Indiana, and lower Michigan. The trial uses an incomplete randomized block design, randomizing physicians to see patients who are either black or white and who are “typical” or “activated” (e.g., ask questions, express opinions, ask for clarification, etc.). The study will enroll 91 physicians.
The SBI study addresses important gaps in our knowledge about racial disparities and methods to reduce them in patients with advanced cancer by using standardized patient methodology. This study is innovative in aims, design, and methodology and will point the way to interventions that can reduce racial disparities and discrimination and draw links between implicit attitudes and physician behaviors.
Digital Commons Citation
Elias, Cezanne M.; Shields, Cleveland G.; Griggs, Jennifer J.; Fiscella, Kevin; Christ, Sharon L.; Colbert, Joseph; Henry, Stephen G.; Hoh, Beth G.; Hunte, Haslyn E R; Marshall, Mary; Mohile, Supriya G.; Plumb, Sandy; Tejani, Mohamedtaki A.; Venuti, Alison; and Epstein, Ronald M., "The social and behavioral influences (SBI) study: study design and rationale for studying the effects of race and activation on cancer pain management" (2017). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1498.
Elias, C.M., Shields, C.G., Griggs, J.J. et al. The social and behavioral influences (SBI) study: study design and rationale for studying the effects of race and activation on cancer pain management. BMC Cancer 17, 575 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3564-2