School of Public Health
Although injury-related deaths have been documented among children and adult populations, insufficient attention has been directed towards injury-related infant deaths. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate maternal and infant characteristics associated with injury-related infant deaths in West Virginia. Birth and infant mortality data for 2010–2014 were sourced from the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, Charleston. Relative risk was calculated using log-binomial regression utilizing generalized estimating equations. Maternal characteristics associated with injury-related infant mortality in West Virginia were race/ethnicity ( = 7.48, p = .03), and smoking during pregnancy (, p < .00). Risk of a Black Non-Hispanic infant suffering an injury-related death was 4.0 (95% CL 1.7, 9.3) times that of infants of other races/ethnicities. Risk of an infant dying from an injury-related cause, if the mother smoked during pregnancy, was 2.9 (95% CL 1.6, 5.0) times the risk of such a death if maternal smoking status during pregnancy is unknown or no smoking, controlling for race/ethnicity. This study provides important information to public health stakeholders at both the state and local levels in designing interventions for partial reduction or prevention of injury-related infant mortality in West Virginia.
Digital Commons Citation
Koech, Wilson A.; Rudisill, Toni M.; and Rockett, Ian R. H., "Maternal Characteristics Associated with Injury-related Infant Death in West Virginia, 2010-2014" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1834.
Koech, W. A., Rudisill, T. M., & Rockett, I. R. H. (2019). Maternal characteristics associated with injury-related infant death in West Virginia, 2010-2014. PLOS ONE, 14(8), e0220801. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220801