School of Medicine
This Pro-Con debate will provide the practitioner with an evidence-based knowledge approach to assist the clinician in determining whether to employ (Pro) or not to employ (Con) this technique in the obstetrical suite for labor analgesia. Nitrous oxide has been used safely in dentistry and medicine for many centuries. However, accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence increasingly suggests previously unrecognized adverse maternal and fetal effects of nitrous oxide, which warrants reconsideration of its use in pregnant women and a more detailed informed consent. Nitrous oxide is associated with metabolic, oxidative, genotoxic, and transgenerational epigenetic effects in animals and humans that may warrant limiting its usefulness in labor. This debate will discuss and review the clinical uses, advantages, and disadvantages of nitrous oxide on occupational effects of nitrous oxide exposure, neuroapoptosis, FDA warning on inhalational anesthetics and the developing brain, research limitations, occupational exposure safety limits, effects on global warming, and potential for diversion.
Digital Commons Citation
Vallejo, Manuel C. and Zakowski, Mark I., "Pro-Con Debate: Nitrous Oxide for Labor Analgesia" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1841.
Vallejo, M. C., & Zakowski, M. I. (2019). Pro-Con Debate: Nitrous Oxide for Labor Analgesia. BioMed Research International, 2019, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4618798