School of Medicine
Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience
Elevated H2O2 is implicated in many cardiovascular diseases. We previously demonstrated that H2O2-induced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation and excessive NO production contribute to vascular cell injury and increases in microvessel permeability. However, the mechanisms of excessive NO-mediated vascular injury and hyperpermeability remain unknown. This study aims to examine the functional role of NO-derived peroxynitrite (ONOO) in H2O2-induced vascular barrier dysfunction by elucidating the interrelationships between H2O2-induced NO, superoxide, ONOO, and changes in endothelial [Ca2+ ]i and microvessel permeability. Experiments were conducted on intact rat mesenteric venules. Microvessel permeability was determined by measuring hydraulic conductivity (Lp). Endothelial [Ca2+ ]i, NO, and O2 were assessed with fluorescence imaging. Perfusion of vessels with H2O2 (10 µmol/L) induced marked productions of NO and O2, resulting in extensive protein tyrosine nitration, a biomarker of ONOO. The formation of ONOO was abolished by inhibition of NOS with NG-Methyl-L-arginine. Blocking NO production or scavenging ONOO by uric acid prevented H2O2- induced increases in endothelial [Ca2+ ]i and Lp. Additionally, the application of exogenous ONOO to microvessels induced delayed and progressive increases in endothelial [Ca2+ ]i and microvessel Lp, a pattern similar to that observed in H2O2-perfused vessels. Importantly, ONOO caused further activation of eNOS with amplified NO production. We conclude that the augmentation of NOderived ONOO is essential for H2O2-induced endothelial Ca2+ overload and progressively increased microvessel permeability, which is achieved by self-promoted amplifications of NO-dependent signaling cascades. This novel mechanism provides new insight into the reactive oxygen and/or reactive nitrogen species-mediated vascular dysfunction in cardiovascular diseases.
Digital Commons Citation
Zhou, Xueping; Qian, Yan; Yuan, Dong; Feng, Qilong; and He, Pingnian, "H2O2‐induced Microvessel Barrier Dysfunction: The Interplay Between Reactive Oxygen Species, Nitric Oxide, and Peroxynitrite" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1878.
Zhou, X., Qian, Y., Yuan, D., Feng, Q., & He, P. (2019). H 2 O 2 ‐induced microvessel barrier dysfunction: the interplay between reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, and peroxynitrite. Physiological Reports, 7(16). https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14206