Statler College of Engineering and Mining Resources
Background: The longest common subsequence (LCS) problem is a classical problem in computer science, and forms the basis of the current best-performing reference-based compression schemes for genome resequencing data.
Methods: First, we present a new algorithm for the LCS problem. Using the generalized suffix tree, we identify the common substrings shared between the two input sequences. Using the maximal common substrings, we construct a directed acyclic graph (DAG), based on which we determine the LCS as the longest path in the DAG. Then, we introduce an LCS-motivated reference-based compression scheme using the components of the LCS, rather than the LCS itself.
Results: Our basic scheme compressed the Homo sapiens genome (with an original size of 3,080,436,051 bytes) to 15,460,478 bytes. An improvement on the basic method further reduced this to 8,556,708 bytes, or an overall compression ratio of 360. This can be compared to the previous state-of-the-art compression ratios of 157 (Wang and Zhang, 2011) and 171 (Pinho, Pratas, and Garcia, 2011).
Conclusion: We propose a new algorithm to address the longest common subsequence problem. Motivated by our LCS algorithm, we introduce a new reference-based compression scheme for genome resequencing data. Comparative results against state-of-the-art reference-based compression algorithms demonstrate the performance of the proposed method.
Digital Commons Citation
Beal, Richard; Afrin, Tazin; Farheen, Aliya; and Adjeroh, Donald, "A New Algorithm for “the LCS problem” with Application in Compressing Genome Resequencing Data" (2016). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1952.
Beal, R., Afrin, T., Farheen, A., & Adjeroh, D. (2016). A new algorithm for “the LCS problem” with application in compressing genome resequencing data. BMC Genomics, 17(S4). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-2793-0