Antimalarial activities of tetracycline (TC) and erythromycin (EM), alone or in combination with artemisinin (Qinghaosu, QHS), were studied using chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive (D6) and -resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. The antimalarial potency of TC (IC50 = 9862 nM for the CQ-sensitive parasite, 32414 nM for the CQ-resistant one) or EM (IC50 = 45787 nM for the CQ-sensitive parasite, 33397 nM for the CQ-resistant one) was much less than that of QHS (IC50 ranging from 25 to 40 nM). The CQ-resistant falciparum parasite displayed a cross-resistance to TC, while both the drug-sensitive and -resistant parasites exhibited similar responses to EM. However, antimalarial potency of EM appeared to be less than that of TC against the drug-sensitive parasite. When TC was combined with QHS, an additive interaction was observed against the CQ-sensitive falciparum parasite, while synergism was found with the CQ-resistant parasite. When EM was tested in combination with QHS, a potentiating interaction occurred with both the CQ-sensitive and -resistant falciparum parasite. The above results indicated that the QHS combination with either TC or EM may be a promising antimalarial preparation with low recrudescence compared to artemisinin used alone in clinical practice.
Digital Commons Citation
Ye, Z. and Van Dyke, K., "Interaction of artemisinin and tetracycline or erythromycin against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro" (1994). Faculty Scholarship. 198.
Ye, Z., &Van Dyke, K. (1994). Interaction Of Artemisinin And Tetracycline Or Erythromycin Against Plasmodium Falciparum In Vitro. Parasite (Paris, France), 1(3), 211-218. http://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/1994013211