Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Animal and Nutritional Sciences
Pregnancy is an oxidative stress and immune challenge for the mother. Fish oil is rich in EPA and DHA, which can partly inhibit aspects of inflammation and restore antioxidant capacity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of maternal diet with fish oil during the late gestation period on oxidative stress and inflammatory response in sows and their progenies. Twelve second-parity sows were allocated equally into two groups. Sows were fed either the soybean oil diet (SD) or soybean oil+fish oil diet (FD) during the gestation period. The plasma of sows, cord blood, and new-born piglets were collected. Full-term placentas and livers of new-born piglets were also sampled. The activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) in the plasma of sows on farrowing day were higher, and the concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PGE2) in the plasma of sows on farrowing day and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the plasma of cord blood were lower in the FD group than those in the SD group (). The FD downregulated the expression of SOD, IL-1β, IL-6, and transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) mRNA but upregulated the expression of lipoxygenase enzyme 5 (ALOX5) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA in placentas (). The FD downregulated the protein expression level of p-JNK/JNK in placentas (). In the livers of new-born piglets, the FD upregulated the expression of ALOX5 () and G-protein-coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) () mRNA. Our results suggest that the maternal diet with fish oil might alleviate oxidative stress in sows on farrowing day and modulate inflammatory response in full-term placentas by inhibiting the JNK signal pathway. Moreover, the maternal diet with fish oil might partly regulate the neonatal immune response of their progenies.
Digital Commons Citation
Luo, W. L.; Luo, Z.; Xu, X.; Zhao, S.; Li, S. H.; Sho, T.; Yao, J.; Zhang, J.; Xu, W. N.; and Xu, J. X., "The Effect of Maternal Diet with Fish Oil on Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Response in Sow and New-Born Piglets" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1993.
Luo, W. L., Luo, Z., Xu, X., Zhao, S., Li, S. H., Sho, T., … Xu, J. X. (2019). The Effect of Maternal Diet with Fish Oil on Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Response in Sow and New-Born Piglets. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2019, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/676580