Title

Commons

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

College/Unit

Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Department/Program/Center

Social Work

Abstract

The commons is a theoretical formalism that is useful in understanding many diverse problems of civil society. A common (or commons) is an economic, political, social, and legal institution that enables joint, shared, mutual or collective natural or social action by agents using a “pool” of shared or jointly held or mutually controlled resources. A substantial body of work exists detailing natural common resource pools acted upon by physical or biological agents. Another large body of work on humanly-directed natural resource pools study the human-natural environment interface, interspecies conflict and population density. Studies of social commons have also looked at a broad variety of topics more directly related to the role of commons in civil society. The principal focus of this article addresses a social organizational perspective on commons problems in civil society, with particular attention to those involving associations, foundations, social movements, some nonprofit firms and other forms of collective and voluntary action.

Source Citation

A revised and edited version of this manuscript was published as Commons. International Encyclopedia of Civil Society. Springer Publishers. 2009. 513-520.

Comments

Author's preprint.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.