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A series of oxolanosterol oximes and oxime ethers have been prepared as potential dual-action inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis. The synthesis of these oximes along with the evaluation of their ability to inhibit lanosterol 14 alpha-methyl demethylase (P450DM) and to suppress 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme. A reductase (HMGR) activity is presented. 3 beta-Hydroxylanost-7-en-15-one 15-oxime XIX was found to be an effective inhibitor of P450DM in rat liver microsomal preparations. In [14C]acetate incorporation studies using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, compound XIX was found to cause a dramatic reduction in the incorporation of acetate into C27 sterols with a concomitant increase in radiolabeled C30 sterols which is consistent with the inhibition of P450DM. In addition, 15-oxime XIX was shown to suppress HMGR activity in both wild-type CHO and P450DM-deficient (AR45) cells, indicating that suppression of HMGR is independent of any effects of this oxime on P450DM. In both cell lines, parallel declines in HMGR activity and HMGR protein levels were observed suggesting that compound XIX suppresses HMGR activity by regulation of gene expression. These results demonstrate that, as predicted, 15-oxime XIX is indeed a dual-action inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis which causes both the inhibition of P450DM and a reduction in HMGR activity.

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Frye, Leah L., Cusack, Kevin P., Leonard, Deborah A., & Anderson, Jeffrey A. (1994). Oxolanosterol Oximes: Dual-Action Inhibitors Of Cholesterol Biosynthesis. The Journal of Lipid Research, 35(8), 1333-1344.



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