Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Microbiology, Immunology, and Cell Biology


The presence of mycotoxins in grains is well documented. Workers in grain handling occupations are commonly exposed to grain dust aerosols. Work in our laboratory has shown that T-2 toxin is highly toxic to rat alveolar macrophages in vitro, causing loss of viability, release of radiolabeled chromium, inhibition of macromolecular synthesis, inhibition of phagocytosis, and inhibition of macrophage activation. Similarly, patulin caused a significant release of radiolabeled chromium, decrease in ATP levels, significant inhibition of protein and RNA synthesis, and inhibition of phagocytosis. The data show that both T-2 toxin and patulin are highly toxic to rat alveolar macrophages in vitro. The data further suggest that the presence of these mycotoxins in airborne respirable dust might present a hazard to exposed workers.

Source Citation

Sorenson, W. G., Gerberick, G. F., Lewis, D. M., & Castranova, V. (1986). Toxicity of mycotoxins for the rat pulmonary macrophage in vitro. Environmental Health Perspectives, 66, 45–53.



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