Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences
The FRUVEDomics study investigates the effect of a diet intervention focused on increasing fruit and vegetable intake on the gut microbiome and cardiovascular health of young adults with/at risk for metabolic syndrome(MetS). It was hypothesized that the recommended diet would result in metabolic and gut microbiome changes. The 9-week dietary intervention adhered to the US Department of Agriculture Dietary Guidelines for Americansand focused on increasing fruit and vegetable intake to equal half of the diet. Seventeen eligible young adults with/or at high risk of MetS consented and completed preintervention and postintervention measurements, including anthropometric, body composition, cardiovascular, complete blood lipid panel, and collection of stool sample for microbial analysis. Participants attended weekly consultations to assess food logs, food receipts, and adherence to the diet. Following intention-to-treat guidelines, all 17 individuals were included in the dietary, clinical, and anthropometric analysis. Fruit and vegetable intake increased from 1.6 to 3.4 cups of fruits and vegetables (P < .001) daily. Total fiber (P = .02) and insoluble fiber (P < .0001) also increased. Clinical laboratory changes included an increase in sodium (P = .0006) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = .04). In the fecal microbiome, Erysipelotrichaceae (phylum Firmicutes) decreased (log2 fold change: −1.78, P = .01) and Caulobacteraceae (phylum Proteobacteria) increased (log2 fold change = 1.07, P = .01). Implementing a free-living 9-week diet, with intensive education and accountability, gave young adults at high risk for/or diagnosed with MetS the knowledge, skills, and feedback to improve diet. To yield greater impact, a longer diet intervention may be needed in this population.
Digital Commons Citation
Clark, Rashel L.; Famodu, Oluremi A.; Holásková, Ida; Infante, Aniello M.; Murray, Pamela J.; Olfert, I. Mark; McFadden, Joseeph W.; Downes, Marianne T.; Chantler, Paul D.; Duespohl, Matthew W.; Cuff, Christopher F.; and Olfert, Melissa D., "Educational intervention improves fruit and vegetable intake in young adults with metabolic syndrome components" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 2983.
Clark, R. L., Famodu, O. A., Holásková, I., Infante, A. M., Murray, P. J., Olfert, I. M., McFadden, J. W., Downes, M. T., Chantler, P. D., Duespohl, M. W., Cuff, C. F., & Olfert, M. D. (2019). Educational intervention improves fruit and vegetable intake in young adults with metabolic syndrome components. Nutrition Research, 62, 89–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2018.11.010