Author ORCID Identifier

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Statler College of Engineering and Mining Resources


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Localization based on scalar field map matching (e.g., using gravity anomaly, magnetic anomaly, topographics, or olfaction maps) is a potential solution for navigating in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)-denied environments. In this paper, a scalable framework is presented for cooperatively localizing a group of agents based on map matching given a prior map modeling the scalar field. In order to satisfy the communication constraints, each agent in the group is assigned to different subgroups. A locally centralized cooperative localization method is performed in each subgroup to estimate the poses and covariances of all agents inside the subgroup. Each agent in the group, at the same time, could belong to multiple subgroups, which means multiple pose and covariance estimates from different subgroups exist for each agent. The improved pose estimate for each agent at each time step is then solved through an information fusion algorithm. The proposed algorithm is evaluated with two different types of scalar field based simulations. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is able to deal with large group sizes (e.g., 128 agents), achieve 10-m level localization performance with 180 km traveling distance, while under restrictive communication constraints.

Source Citation

Yang, C.; Strader, J.; Gu, Y. A Scalable Framework for Map Matching Based Cooperative Localization. Sensors 2021, 21, 6400.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This article received support from the WVU Libraries' Open Access Author Fund.



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