We calculate the scattering states and cross sections for a Bose-Einstein condensed dilute gas trapped in a spherical square well of finite depth. The interactions are treated in the scattering length approximation. We solve the Gross-Pitaevskii equation and the Bogoliubov equations for bound and scattering states. The results show that there are transparency effects reminiscent of those conjectured to occur for strongly coupled systems. When incident particle wavelengths λ are comparable to the well size a, exchange induced transparency enhancement is dramatic only for particular combinations of well depth, interaction strength, and particle number. For particles with large momenta (a/λ≫1),however, exchange with the condensate results in enhanced transmission for all coupling strengths. We calculated the rate of decay of the scattering states to leading order in anharmonic corrections to the Bogoliubov approximation and found the corresponding inelastic cross sections to be extremely small.
Digital Commons Citation
Wynveen, A.; Setty, A.; Howard, A.; Halley, J. W.; and Campbell, C. E., "Identical Particle Scattering From A Weakly Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensed Gas" (2000). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 557.
Wynveen, A., Setty, A., Howard, A., Halley, J. W., & Campbell, C. E. (2000). Identical Particle Scattering From A Weakly Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensed Gas. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, And Optical Physics, 62(2). http://doi.org/10.1103/Physreva.62.023602