Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Social Work


This article offers a detailed critique of Antonin Wagner's (2012) discussion of market, state and the intermediate institutions of civil society. It was one of 7-8 articles critiquing Wagner's previously published piece. It is argued that Wagner's perspective dissolves the third sector into a set of phenomena subordinate to markets and states; that the third sector essentially dissolves into market and state components. The article also offers an outline for a broader, multi-faceted third sector.


The list of suggested components and dimensions of a broader conception of the third sector included in this pre-print is slightly broader than the list in the final published article.



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