Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Social Work


Although nothing precisely like the modern nonprofit organization, voluntary association or foundation existed in Asia prior to the 20th century, there can be little doubt that some types of similar indigenous activities are found deep in the history of the many cultures of Asia. Buddhism, for example, has a long record of organized activity, beliefs about giving, and other evidences of what might be termed Buddhist philanthropy.

Source Citation

Buddhist Commons and the Question of a Third Sector in Asia. Voluntas. 6.2. August, 1995. 1-19.


This is a preprint of the conference paper as presented and submitted to the journal for review.



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