Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Social Work


Social planning has a long history in social work. It has gone from an early emphasis on community as the modal point to an emphasis on public policy planning at the state and federal levels and recently to an emphasis on organizational issues and initiatives. Social planning has been a primary tool in the long-term development of new institutions and practices brought about by the unprecendented increases in the size of the aged population. Probably the oldest intact social planning systems for aging in most American communities today are the networks of community planning which grew up in the voluntary sector in the period after World War II. During the 1960's and 1970's, at least six additional identifiable planning systems for the aged grew up, although little is left of most of them in the new age of laissez-faire. They are: the aging network; Title XX planning; health planning; the service reorganization initiative; various policy institutes; long-term care policy planning; and housing policy planning. Social planning technology in aging tends to be focused on needs assessment; resource analysis; review of alternatives; priority determination; implementation questions; and evaluation.



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