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Compsognathus was a genus of small, bipedal, carnivorous, theropod dinosaurs. The theropods were a group of related bipedal dinosaurs that included the ancestors of the birds, although Compsognathus was not an ancestor of birds. Members of its single specie, Compsognathus lonpipes, grew to about the size of a turkey. They lived during the Late Jurassic Period in what is now Europe. Based upon the finding of stomach contents, in a few well-preserved specimens indicates the small lizards was a major prey. Its teeth were small and sharp, well suited for the capture of small vertebrates and insects. Compsognathus used speed and agility to run down prey which they snatched with their three-fingered hands, maintaining its balance during high-speed chases by use of a long tail