Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date


Document Number

Research Paper #2005-2


The study examines the trends in demographic changes and income inequalities in West Virginia from 1990 to 2000. The relationship between economic growth and income inequality is tested using a system of equations model and county level data. The empirical results indicate that except for 65 years and above age group, income inequality increased in all other age groups. The highest increase was in the age group under 25 years and those 35 to 44 years. Using 3-Stage-Least-Squares estimations, the endogenous dependent variable per capita income growth was positively related with population and employment growth, but it is significantly and negatively related with income inequality measured by county level Gini index. This indicates that higher income inequality is associated with slower economic growth in West Virginia.