I intend to consider the practical value of the various means aiming at the prevention of war that have been suggested or put into effect since 1919. Why since 19197 I do not think that international law was created in 1919. But, whether one wishes it or not, an effort, unprecedented until now, has been devoted to the study of the technique of peace. The struggle against war is no longer limited to sentimental effusions, or fireside dreams: it has become an object of science; even of applied science. The program of the technique of peace is generally formulated today in three words: arbitration, security, disarmament. Under the generic name of arbitration are included, in this case, 'all means of pacific settlement of international disputes: mediation, conciliation, arbitration properly so-called, and international justice. Under the term, security, the following questions are designated: the prevention of the breaking out of a war if it is being prepared; the throttling of a war if it has already broken out; the prevention, in the event that a war has already broken out, of its achieving results that are held to be unjust. Arbitration and security, must, in this program, open the way to disarmament, the philosopher's stone of politico-judicial alchemy. I shall leave completely aside, within the limits of this article, everything that concerns arbitration and, likewise, everything that concerns disarmament in order to limit myself strictly to the problem of security.
Critical Examination of Peace Agencies Since 1919,
W. Va. L. Rev.
Available at: https://researchrepository.wvu.edu/wvlr/vol38/iss1/5