Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

Document Type



In Honduras, there are only 0.8 physicians for every 1,000 citizens, creating a nearly insurmountable barrier on the ability to access health care for the impoverished lower and middle classes. Various health care models that a country adopts directly affects the quality of life of its citizens, including access to care and clean water, advocacy of preventative methods, and life expectancy. By analyzing models, such as the “Out-of-Pocket”, Beveridge, and Bismarck models, one can see that there are positive and negative aspects in every system. It can also be seen that the American Healthcare system is also in dire need of a reform. While Honduras is the main focus, being able to understand how barriers to healthcare arise will be essential in understanding how to bridge the gap of healthcare disparities even in places such as Appalachia. This article discusses disparities within the healthcare system itself, preventative care versus late-stage procedures, and how wellness is linked to socioeconomic status. Emphasis is placed on barriers to healthcare, which is seen in a study that took place in Honduras.



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